Oeko-Tex Standard 100
Garments and materials worn by professional workers come in contact with skin throughout the duration of their work day. Because of the environments they work in, water transfer and perspiration are normal. In conditions like these, especially where heat is involved, it's easy for chemicals and other solvents and dyes used in the production process to leech from the clothing and transfer from the skin. Oeko-Tex standard 100 provides testing for harmful substances. This ensures there is no health risk in wearing the textiles.
Before the 1990's there was no standard, reliable product label for production companies, consumers or professionals to assess the safety of textiles or material components. Oeko-Tex holds those material suppliers, like Sto-Nor, to modern standards of safety.
Defining the Oeko-Text Standard 100 Testing Process
The labs providing the testing of textiles go through approximately 100 test parameters based on international testing standards used around the world as well as other accepted testing methods. Beyond standard testing procedures, Oeko-Tex also uses simulation testing to take into account possible ways in which an individual could potentially be contaminated or poised - through the skin, through inhalation, etc.
The tests that are performed depend on the type of chemicals that are used at each stage of the process, as these chemicals produce a change in the textiles. Testing procedures also vary depending on the use of the garment, as the more intense and intimate the exposure is to the garment (the more it comes in contact with the skin) the stricter the testing and limit values.
• Substance prohibited by law such as carcinogenic dyes or related chemicals
• Substances regulated by law including softeners, heavy metals, pentachlorophenol and formaldehyde
• Substances that are not regulated or prohibited by law but can have an adverse effect on health, including pesticide, tin-organic compounds, and dyestuffs.
• Parameters that include colorfastness and skin-friendly pH values (precautionary to safeguard the health of the wearer)
Certification in the Oeko-Tex 100 allows the use of the branded logo for Oeko-Tex, providing consumers with the knowledge that any materials and safety garments from Loxy have been tested and certified safe for professional use. Additional, any materials such as the Loxy reflective tape lines and seam sealing tape used in leisure or other activities and environments are certified to be safe for individual use in any environment.
Materials will be labeled with the Oeko-Tex branded certification stating "Confidence in Textiles - tested for harmful substances according to Oeko-Tex Standard 100" with the appropriate test number listed on the certification to show the material satisfies the requirements of a common product class.
Oeko-Tex Product Classification
There are 4 classes of products where materials and textiles are broken up depending on their intended use and overall exposure.
Oeko-Tex Class 1 - These are textiles for small children and babies (infants and newborns) up to the age of 3. This includes underwear, crawling or romper suits, bedding and linen, soft toys, etc.
Oeko-Tex Class 2 - This product class includes textiles that, when used as intended, come into direct contact with skin over a large surface area. This includes bedding and linen, underwear, blouses, robes, etc.
Oeko-Tex Class 3 - This is a product group that has minimal skin contact or does not come into contact with skin. Jackets, coats, liners, etc.
Oeko-Tex Class 4 - Primarily furnishing materials that can include table linens, curtains, wall and floor coverings, machine and equipment covers, etc.
When tested by Oeko-Tex, the textiles will be processed and allocated into one of the four listed categories. The assigned category will be listed clearly on the test certification.
Adapted from Oeko-Text public material and information